Exodus Reflections

Exodus 30:11-16 ~ the census tax was so that there be no plague when you number the people

This potentially sheds a lot of light on the plague that came on Israel when David did the census (end of 2 Samuel; 1 Chron).

Moses wrote:

  • Exod 17:14
  • Exod 24:4
  • (Exod 24:12; 31:18; 34:1 – God wrote, handed to Moses)
  • Exod 34:27

Exod 33:11
Thus the Lord used to speak to Moses face to face, as a man speaks to his friend. When Moses turned again into the camp, his assistant Joshua the son of Nun, a young man, would not depart from the tent.
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Exod.33.11&version=ESV

To encourage us as we lean into pursuing our first love and his precious presence

Exodus 34:27-28 – this is a glimpse of heaven. Not quite there, but is on the highest point of earth (a mountain), which is sometimes a place God meets with people in Scripture (almost like a suburb of heaven, as one commentator put it).

Here he is totally sustained by Gods presence even though he doesn’t eat or drink 40 days! Imagine being so taken up with God that you don’t need food or water

Nourish Your First Love (with AUDIO)

Audio of “Nourish Your First Love” (1 hr 8 min)

Rev. 2:1-7: Warning & Promise

  • 1 Serious Charge: They Left Their First Love
    • negative if they don’t repent: “remove your lampstand”
    • positive if they overcome: “enter paradise”

Love Looks Like…

  • Trusting Christ Alone: 1 John 5:4-5; Gal. 3:1-6; 1 Pet. 1:8-9
  • Adoring Christ Alone: Psalm 27:4; Luke 10:38-42; Mark 14:3-9
  • Devotion to Christ Alone: Mark 14:3-9; Luke 10:25-28; 14:25-27; John 14:15; Song of Songs 6:3
  • Ultimate Satisfaction in Christ Alone: Psalm 73:25; Gal. 5:22; John 15:11; Rom. 5:1-5; 1 Pet. 1:8-9

Love Grows By…

  1. Singing: S. of S. 1:1 (cf. 1 Kings 4:32); Exod. 15; Psalms (e.g. 89:1); 1 Cor. 14:15-16; Eph. 5:18-19 (Col. 3:16); James 5:13; Rev. 5:8-9
  2. God’s Love Revealed: S. of S. 1:2-3; 1 John 4:19
    • Eph. 3:14-19 – revealed through prayer
    • John 15:13; 1 Cor. 15:1-4; Eph. 5:26 – revealed through Bible study (points to Gospel)
    • 1 John 4:7-12; Colossians 2:1-4 – revealed and expressed in Christian community
  3. Reliance on God Alone: S. of S. 1:4; 8:3-5
    • Gal. 5:22 – love is fruit of the Spirit
    • Song of Songs 5:6-6:3; Rom. 5:1-5; Heb. 12:1-11; 1 Pet. 1:3-9 – love trained through suffering
  4. Trained By Others: S. of S. 1:6-8; 2 Tim. 3:10; Titus 2:3-4
  5. Returning to Your First Works: S. of S. 3:4-5; Prov. 5:18; Gal. 3:1-6; Rev. 2:5

Did Saul Not Know David in 1 Sam. 17? (with Audio)

In 1 Samuel 16, Saul “loved him [David] greatly,” (v. 21) making him his armor-bearer and harpist.

In 1 Samuel 17, Saul asks David, “Whose son are you, young man?” (v. 58)

Before you think God contradicts himself here, don’t give up on this story. Not only are there good answers to how this goes together, but there are potential deep and profound truths I believe God may be wanting us to see in this.

Listen on:

Audio of “Did Saul Not Know David in 1 Sam. 17” (30 min)

Genesis Considerations

God and Human Dominions

Gen. 1-3: I’m struck that part of being made in God’s image and likeness is ruling (over the animals and earth). He is a king, so it is natural that Adam-Eve (made in His image) will likewise exercise dominion in a (much smaller) way. I also find it interesting that Eve’s role was to come alongside as a “helper” not as a “subject” to be ruled. They were supposed to co-reign, in this sense. Though after sin entered, then it talks about a power-struggle for the man and woman. We’re living it today. It points me back to Eph. 5, where marriage is a reflection of the church. In this sense, it does say wives submit to husbands in everything (just as the church is to submit to Christ), but we are also meant to rule with Him and the submission is one out of willing love (not forced or foisted as a king would do with a vanquished foe).

God and Human Images

Gen. 5 – struck that Seth is said to be in the “image” and “likeness” of Adam. This is shortly after it says God made Adam in his own “image” and “likeness” (see Gen. 5:1-2). It shows that, again, we are a mirror of God. Even our having children (which I would extend to our having spiritual children), points to God and his glory in how He set things up.

Where Cain’s Wife Came From

Gen. 5 – I appreciate it showing how old people were when they had children. Forgot Noah was 500!!! You can see the ages start to steeply decline after the flood, for arguably a lot of reasons. But it also helps answer the age-old question: Where did Cain get his wife in Gen. 4? In other words, if it was only Adam and Eve and their children, how does it talk about a city with people already in Gen. 4? … Well… If you see that Adam and Eve could have kids right away. Then you see that they could keep having kids into their hundreds (even 500s!, like Noah). And you give, say, 3 years between each child (which I believe the gap would’ve been much smaller). It adds up REALLY QUICKLY. I’ll let someone else do the math here, but it doesn’t take that long to have 10,000+ if everyone is having lots of kids for lots of years. And that’s where I think Cain got his wife–it happened a good time later, when lots of multiplication was in effect.

God’s Friendship with Abraham

I’ve been meditating on God and Abraham. There is clearly a friendship unparalleled: God says, “Shall I hide from Abraham what I’m about to do…?” Consider John 15, where Jesus says that friends know the master’s will, whereas servants don’t. I believe Abraham is the only person in the Bible called a friend of God, actually (until the point of John 15–where Jesus makes a new way to become God’s friend). Possibly related, I was struck by the phrase: “He [God] brought him outside and said…” (Gen. 15:5). Almost like God walking with Adam in the cool of the day. What would it look like to be brought outside by God Himself?! I imagine it like a friend would put his arm on our shoulder and say, “Come here and let me show you something.” It just seems like a very intimate conversation.

Abraham’s Sacrifices

“Abraham was ninety-nine years old when he was circumcised” !! … Consider that! I totally forgot until reading it this time around. But it shows in a very poignant way that following God (and being His friend) can be very painful (even physically). But He was willing to do it. Later, He was even willing to sacrifice his son who would come from his circumcised member.  The emotional pain I couldn’t even imagine.

Sarai’s Beauty

When it talks about Sarai being beautiful and Abraham being nervous in Egypt, I think she was around 65 (Abraham was 75 when moving to Canaan, she was 10 years younger, and this happened shortly after that). At first blush, 65 and stunning sexual beauty don’t usually go together. But if you consider Sarah lives 127 years (Gen. 23), then this is pretty much half her age. In today’s equivalent, that might be a woman 40 or so years old. That makes a difference to think about. My wife is almost that age, and I’d be nervous to have her beauty seen by a bunch of gruff Egyptians!

Growing Strong in Christ -WITH VIDEO (Lesson 10 of 10)

Laborer Training School 2018

Video: Growing Strong in Christ (Lesson 10) (2 hr 20 min)

  • Acts 2:42-47: Scripture + fellowship + prayer = God’s results
  • Prayer:
    • Luke 11:5-13; 18:1-8:
      • we are poor
      • God is rich
      • we must plead (Proverbs 18:23) 
    • Dan. 9:1-4; Zech. 10:1; Matt. 6:10; 1 John 5:14-15: pray God’s will
    • 1 Cor. 14:15; Rev. 5:8: with songs
    • Matt. 6:9; 1 Tim. 2:1: with thanksgiving/praise
  • Church:
    • Matt. 18:17: Group of Christians
      • Matt. 18:20: 2+ people gathered under Jesus’ authority
      • Lev. 26:8; Deut. 32:30: blessing of joining together
    • Philippians 1:1: city-wide church, 2 offices
      • Acts 2:46: could meet in homes and temple
      • Progression: 2 sent (Acts 13:1-4) → establish disciple group (Acts 14:21-22) → appoint elders (Acts 14:23) → appoint deacons (Acts 6:1-6)
  • Build itself up: (Eph. 4:11-16; 1 Cor. 14:26)
    • Apostles: “sent ones”; church-planters
    • Prophets: refine church
    • Evangelists: bring lost to Christ
    • Shepherds: comfort and tend the flock
    • Teachers

Healthy Churches Consistently Practice

  • Communion (1 Cor. 11:20-21)
  • Baptism of new Christians (Acts 2:41)
  • Giving/charity (Acts 4:32-37)
  • Spiritual gifts (1 Cor. 14:26)
  • Praying, singing, praising (1 Cor. 14:15-16; 1 Tim. 2:1)
  • Discipline toward unrepentant sin (Matt. 18:15-17; 1 Cor. 5:11)
  • Teaching & obeying Scripture (Acts 2:42; 1 Tim. 4:13)
  • Fellowship, especially over meals (Acts 2:42)
  • Gatherings that encourage participation to edify all (1 Cor. 14:26)

The Holy Spirit and Power -WITH VIDEO (Lesson 9 of 10)

Laborer Training School 2018

Exodus

  • 11-12: Gospel = God’s wrath satisfied by Lamb’s blood
  • 12:4-11: Christ/Holy Spirit within
    • Eph. 1:13; John 3:3-8; Gal. 5:13-26
  • 13:11-16: Consecrated (Luke 17:7-10)
  • 14:19-22; 1 Cor. 10:1-2: Baptized in Holy Spirit and water

Following Christ

  • Only 1 God: Deut. 6:1-9; Mark 12:28-34; James 2:19
    • God the Father: John 17:1-5
    • God the Son (Jesus): John 1:1, 14-18; 10:30-39
    • God the Holy Spirit: John 14:15-24; Acts 5:1-5
  • Holy Spirit baptism: Luke 24:24-49; Acts 1-2; 19:1-7; Eph. 5:18
    • 1 Cor. 12; 14 – gifts of the Holy Spirit
      • 1 Cor. 13 – contrast fruit/character of the Holy Spirit
      • Gen. 7:11: picture of water filling the earth:
        1. indwelt earth
        2. came from above
    • Exodus 30:30-33 – anointed for service
    • 2 Kings 4:1-7 – come empty
    • 1 Cor. 14:1 – desire
    • Matt. 7:11; Luke 11:13 – ask
    • 2 Tim. 1:6 – lay hands

First Steps in Christ -WITH VIDEO (Lesson 8 of 10)

Laborer Training School 2018

Video: First Steps in Christ (Lesson 8) (2 hrs 15 min)

  1. Exodus 11-12 – Gospel = Passover: Covered in Lamb’s blood; saved from God’s wrath (see Rom. 3:21-26)
  2. Exodus 12:4-11 – Christ Within = Lamb indwelt them; left Egypt
    • Eph. 1:13; John 3:3-8; Matt. 25:1-13; Gal. 5:13-26 – when we receive the gospel, Jesus (through the Holy Spirit) indwells us to live a godly life
  3. Exodus 13:11-16 – Consecration = those spared from God’s wrath belong to Him (see Acts 20:28; Rom. 6:11-18)
    • Luke 17:7-10 (with Matt. 28:18-20; Mark 16:15):
      • satisfy God
      • evangelize (“sow seed”)
      • disciple / be discipled (“tend sheep”)
  4. Exodus 14:19-22; 1 Cor. 10:1-2 – Baptisms 
    • Water baptism – Matt. 28:19; Acts 2:37-41; Heb. 6:2
      • Rom. 6:1-4; Col. 2:11-12; 1 Pet. 3:20-21 – water baptism = removal/burial of sinful flesh 
    • Holy Spirit baptism – Mark 16:17-20; Luke 24:49; Acts 19:1-7
      • Eph. 5:18 (cf. 1:13-14) – “be filled”
        • 1 Cor. 14:1 – desire
        • Matt. 7:11; Luke 11:13 – ask
        • 2 Tim. 1:6 – lay hands
      • 1 Cor. 12-14; 1 Thes. 1:5: gifts + fruit operate together
        • Gen. 7:11: picture of water filling the earth:
          1. indwelt earth
          2. came from above

Believe The Gospel -WITH VIDEO (Lesson 7 of 10)

Laborer Training School 2018

Video: Believe The Gospel (Lesson 7) (2 hrs)

Faith in the Gospel: Mark 1:15; 16:15; Romans 1:16; Gal. 1:8; 1 Cor. 15:1-2; Heb. 6:1

  • Faith
    • Greek: pistis – faith, faithfulness, belief, trust (see Heb. 11:1)
    • Gift of God: Rom. 12:3
      • Can be little: Matt. 17:20; Mark 9:24; 2 Tim. 2:13
      • Tend it: Luke 19:11-27
        • by God’s word: Rom. 10:17 (also Matt. 14:28-30)
        • resting on God’s power: 1 Cor. 2:1-5
        • through Spirit-led prayer: Jude 1:20 (also 1 Cor. 14:4)
  • The Gospel
    • Gal. 1:6-2:1 – We must know the gospel accurately
    • In 1 word:
      • reconciled: Rom. 5:10; 2 Cor. 5:18-20; Col. 1:22
      • justified: Acts 13:39; Rom. 3:26; 4:5; Gal. 2:16  
    • In 1 sentence: Luke 24:46-47 (with Mark 16:15); 1 Cor. 15:3-5
    • In 1 paragraph: Rom. 3:21-26; 2 Cor. 5:17-20
    • In 1 book: Romans
      • 1-3:20: All are sinners, deserve God’s wrath
      • 3:21-5:21: Christ died in our place, appeasing God’s wrath for those who repent/believe
      • 6-8: The Holy Spirit indwells us to: (A) confirm that we repented/believed, (B) conform us to live like Christ
      • 9-11: The gospel fulfills O.T. promises
      • 12-16: Application for the church to live out the gospel
    • In the Old Testament: Luke 24:27, 44-47; 1 Cor. 15:3-4; Heb. 4:1-2
      • By prophecy: Is. 53 (Acts 8:32-35); Dan. 9:24 (Matt. 24:15)
      • By type/pattern: Exod. 11-12 (1 Cor. 5:7); 17:6 (1 Cor. 10:4); Lev. 16 (Heb. 9); Jonah 1:17 (Matt. 12:40)
      • By contrast: Lev. 16 (Heb. 9); Jonah 1:17 (Matt. 12:40)
    • Mark 14:3-9: Goal of Gospel = Honoring/Blessing Jesus above all

Repentance -WITH VIDEO (Lesson 6 of 10)

Laborer Training School 2018

Video: Repentance (Lesson 6) (2 hrs)

  • Heb. 6:1-2: Repentance = 1st Elementary Teaching/Foundation
    • Isaiah 40:1-3; Malachi 3:1; Mark 1:1-5: repentance before Jesus
    • Mark 1:15; Luke 13:1-5; 24:47: Jesus
    • Acts 2:38; 3:19; 5:31; 11:18; 17:30; 20:21: early church
  • Repentance =
    • Hebrew: shub – to turn; return; turn back
    • Greek: metanoein – to change one’s mind
    • Not merely remorse (Matt. 27:3-5; 2 Cor. 7:9-11; Heb. 12:16-17)
    • Matt. 12:41 (cf. Jonah 3:10); Heb. 6:1: turn away from evil
      • Acts 20:21: turn to God
      • Luke 15:11-31: will and action (vv. 18-20)
    • John 3:16 & Luke 13:1-5 // Acts 2:37-38 & 16:30-31: repentance and faith assume each other
  • All Need to Repent: Acts 17:30
    • Even believers: 2 Cor. 7:9; Rev. 3:19
  • God initiates repentance: John 6:44; Acts 5:31; 11:18
    • Sin is revealed: Psalm 139:23; John 16:8; 2 Cor. 7:10
    • God works in us to change: Phil. 2:13
    • We respond: Song of Sol. 1:4; Joel 2:32; Luke 15:18-20
    • God meets us in our response: Luke 15:20
  • Jesus as Lord and Savior
    • Blood saves you: Exodus 11-12; Rom. 3:25; 5:9 (Savior)
    • Blood bought you: Exodus 13; Acts 20:28; 1 Cor. 6:19-20 (Lord)
    • Early church example:
Jesus/God called “Lord” (Kurios) in Acts 105 timesJesus/God called “Savior” (Soter) in Acts 2 times
1:6     1:21     1:24     2:20     2:21     2:25     2:34(x2)    2:36     2:39     2:47     3:20     3:22     4:26     4:29     4:33     5:9     5:14     5:19     7:31     7:33     7:49     7:59     7:60     8:16     8:22     8:24     8:25     8:26     8:39     9:1     9:5     9:10(x2)     9:11     9:13     9:15     9:17     9:27     9:28     9:31     9:35     9:42     10:4     10:14     10:33     10:36     11:8     11:16     11:17     11:20     11:21(x2)     11:23    11:24     12:7     12:11     12:17     12:23     13:2     13:10     13:11     13:12     13:44     13:47     13:48     13:49     14:3     14:23     15:11     15:17(x2)     15:26     15:35     15:36     15:40     16:14     16:15     16:31     16:32     17:24     17:27     18:8     18:9     18:25(x2)     19:5     19:10     19:13     19:17     19:20     20:19     20:21     20:24     20:35     21:13     21:14     21:20     22:8     22:10(x2)     22:19     23:11     26:15(x2)     28:315:31     13:23
Jesus/God – “Lord” (Kurios) and “Savior” (Soter) Count in the book of Acts