Day of Atonement = The Gospel / Power of Christ’s Blood

See also:

Guide: Colossians 2:16-17; Hebrews 8:5; 10:1 – Old Testament Law gave pictures (i.e. shadows/types) whose substance is found in Christ.

Leviticus 16 – Day of Atonement

Leviticus 16:1-2 – Can’t approach God on our own standards

  • Leviticus 10:1-3; 16:2 – matter of life and death
  • Genesis 2:17 – warning; Genesis 3:6-10 (compared to Genesis 2:25) – result; Genesis 5:5 – result

How can sinful people approach God?

Old Testament – Power of BloodNew Testament – Power of Blood
Leviticus 16:3 – High Priest must bring bloodHebrews 9:11-12
Leviticus 16:4 – must be clean

Had to wear linen, because it did not allow sweat on their body (see Ezekiel 44:17-18). Sweat is directly related to the curse of sin (see Genesis 3:19). Therefore, figuratively speaking, they had to be free from the effects of the curse.
2 Corinthians 5:20-21; 1 Peter 2:21-22
Leviticus 16:6-16 – blood was brought into holy place for the sake of all sinsHebrews 9:11-14, 23-26
Leviticus 16:17 – ONLY one person is allowed to enter, and can offer the atonementJohn 14:6; Hebrews 9:7,25
Leviticus 16:20-22 – Scapegoat takes all sins away
“all the iniquities” (v.21)
“on the head” (v.21)
All sins taken away in Christ – 2 Corinthians 5:21; 1 John 1:7

“on the head”
Colossians 1:13-18 – Christ is Head of Church
Matthew 27:29; Luke 22:44 – On Christ’s literal head, He took on thorns and sweat – the effects of sin’s curse (see Genesis 3:17-19)
Leviticus 16:27 – the flesh of the animal was destroyed outside the campHebrews 13:11-12
Leviticus 16:29-31 – the jobs of all the people:
“afflict your souls” (v. 29)
“do no work at all,” “it is a sabbath” (vv.29,31)
“clean from all your sins before the LORD” (v.30)
“a statute forever,” “an everlasting statute” (vv.31,34)
“do no work”
John 6:29; Colossians 2:16-17; Hebrews 4:10
“clean from all your sins before the LORD”
Hebrews 9:26-28; 10:14; 1 John 1:7
“everlasting statute”
Colossians 2:16-17
Israel was completely cleansed of sin, all because of the labor and blood offered by the high priest. They never saw the transaction take place, and only knew that God accepted this sacrifice because the high priest returned alive.1 Corinthians 15:1-4,17; Hebrews 9:23-26
The Power of Christ’s Blood in Old and New Testaments

Some of the many results of Christ’s sacrifice

  • Hebrews 10:1-4 – Cleansed from guilty conscience
  • Hebrews 10:19-22 – Can enter God’s presence in boldness (not shame)
  • Revelation 12:10-11 – Overcome accusations of Satan
  • Acts 20:28; 1 Corinthians 6:20 – You were bought! You no longer belong to yourself!

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